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intellectual history - * _Intellectual history* _ refers to the history of the people who create, discuss, write about and in other ways propagate ideas. Although the field emerged from European discourses of Kulturgeschichte and Geistesgeschichte, the historical study of ideas has engaged not only western intellectual traditions, including, but not limited to, those in the far east, near east, mid-east and Africa. Learn more about intellectual history...

list of historians by area of study - This is a list of historians categorized by their area of study . See also List of historians. Learn more about list of historians by area of study...

history of england - England is the largest and most populous of the constituent countries of the United Kingdom (the United Kingdom is a nation which was created by the bonding of the four predecessor states). The division dates from the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons in the 5th century. The territory of England has been politically united since the 10th century. This article concerns that geographic region. However, before the 10th century and after the accession of James VI of Scotland to the throne of England in 1603, it becomes less logical to distinguish Scottish and Welsh from English history since the union of these nations with England. Learn more about history of england...

national awakening of bulgaria - Bulgarian nationalism emerged in the early 19th century under the influence of western ideas such as liberalism and nationalism, which trickled into the country after the French revolution, mostly via Greece, although the first Bulgarian nationalistic text Istoriya Slavyanobolgarskaya was written in 1762 from Paisius of Hilendar. The Russians, as fellow Orthodox Slavs, could appeal to the Bulgarians in a way that the Austrians could not. The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca of 1774 gave Russia the right to interfere in Ottoman affairs to protect the Sultan's Christian subjects. Learn more about national awakening of bulgaria...

first bulgarian empire - The First Bulgarian Empire was a medieval Bulgarian state founded in AD 681 in the lands near the Danube Delta and disintegrated in AD 1018 after its annexation to the Byzantine Empire. At the height of its power it spread between three seas — the Black Sea to the east, the Aegean to the south and the Adriatic. It was succeeded by the Second Bulgarian Empire, established in 1185. Learn more about first bulgarian empire...

world history - World History is a field of historical study that emerged as a distinct academic field in the 1980s. It examines history from a global perspective. Learn more about world history...

list of legendary kings of britain - : For historical kings who used or upon whom was bestowed (often retrospectively) the title 'King of the Britons', see King of the Britons.
The following list of legendary kings of Britain derives predominantly from Geoffrey of Monmouth's circa 1136 work Historia Regum Britanniae ("the History of the Kings of Britain"). Geoffrey constructed a largely fictitious history for the Britons (ancestors of the Welsh, the Cornish and the Bretons), partly based on the work of earlier medieval historians like Gildas, Nennius and Bede, partly from Welsh genealogies and saints' lives, partly from sources now lost and unidentifiable, and partly from his own imagination. Several of his kings are based on genuine historical figures, but appear in unhistorical narratives. A number of Middle Welsh versions of Geoffrey's Historia exist. All post-date Geoffrey's text, but may give us some insight into any native traditions Geoffrey may have drawn on. Learn more about list of legendary kings of britain...

historia regum britanniae - * historia regum britanniae - Quick Information

Geoffrey of Monmouth's * Historia Regum Britanniae* _ (English: * _The History of the Kings of Britain* _ ) is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written around 1136. It chronicles the lives of the kings of the Britons in a chronological narrative spanning a time of two thousand years, beginning with the Trojans of Homer's _Iliad founding the British nation and continuing until the Anglo-Saxons assumed control of Britain around the 7th century. It is one of the central pieces of the Matter of Britain. Learn more about historia regum britanniae...

people's history - A people's history is a type of historical work which attempts to account for historical events from the perspective of common people. Learn more about people's history...

social history - Social history is an area of historical study considered by some to be a social science that attempts to view historical evidence from the point of view of developing social trends. In this view, it may include areas of economic history, legal history and the analysis of other aspects of civil society that show the evolution of social norms, behaviors and more. It is distinguished from political history, military history and the so-called history of great men. Social history is often described as 'history from below' or 'Grass- roots history' because it deals with the every-day people, the masses and how they shape History rather than the leaders. While proponents of history from below and the French ''annales'' school of historians have considered themselves part of social history, it is seen as a much broader movement among historians in the development of historiography. Unlike other approaches, it tries to see itself as a synthetic form of history not limited to the statement of so-called historical fact but willing to analyse historical data in a more systematic manner. A question in social history is whether the masses follow the leaders or whether it is the other way around. Learn more about social history...

history of anglo-saxon england - The History of Anglo-Saxon England covers the history of early medieval England from the end of Roman Britain and the establishment of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in the 5th century until the Conquest by the Normans in 1066. The 5th and 6th centuries are known archaeologically as Sub-Roman Britain, or in popular history as the "Dark Ages"; from the 6th century larger distinctive kingdoms are developing, still known to some as the Heptarchy; the arrival of the Vikings at the end of the 8th century brought many changes to Britain, and relations with the continent were important right up to the 'end' of Anglo-Saxon England, traditionally held to be the Norman Conquest. Learn more about history of anglo-saxon england...

psychohistory - : For Isaac Asimov's use of the term in science fiction, see psychohistory (fictional).

Psychohistory is the study of the psychological motivations of historical events. It combines the insights of psychotherapy with the research methodology of the social sciences to understand the emotional origin of the social and political behavior of groups and nations, past and present. This field of study is considered by some to have significant differences from the mainstream fields of history and psychology. Learn more about psychohistory...

naval history - : For the periodical, see Naval History (magazine).

(Picture) The epic Battle of Salamis between Greek and Persian naval forces.]] Naval history is the area of military history concerning war at sea and the subject is also a sub-discipline of the broad field of maritime history. Traditionally, the focus has been on direct combat between ships at sea, rather than the use of ships to transport armies or military supplies, although frequently naval strategy hinges on the need to protect transport shipping. Recent writing in naval history has expanded the scope of the subject to include the full range of issues associated with navies, including matters of technology, finance, bureaucracy, social history, shipbuilding, supply, and logistics.Naval history is of special interest not only because of the value of learning how societies of the past dealt with the double challenge of human enemies and the implacable sea, but also because ships were the first technology to enable a global civilization. In the days before radio, naval officers at remote locations were frequently called upon to singlehandedly decide the fates of their nations.==See also==*[[List of naval battles

historiography of science - The historiography of science is the historical study of the history of science (which often overlaps the history of technology, the history of medicine, and the history of mathematics). It is generally found in an academic context as part of the discipline of the history of science and technology, history and philosophy of science, science studies, and other allied disciplines. The historiography of science is a meta-level analysis of the history of science itself — whereas the history of science is concerned with scientific events, the historiography of science is concerned with the descriptions of scientific events over time. Learn more about historiography of science...

paleography - Palaeography (British) or paleography (American) (from the Greek *' palaiós , "old" and * ' graphein , "to write") is the study of ancient handwriting, independent of the language (Koine Greek, Classical Latin, Medieval Latin, Old English, etc.) Learn more about paleography...

natural history - Natural History or (in Latin) Naturalis Historia may mean:

futurology - Futurology is the detailed critical inspection and reasoning of the state in which things will develop in the future on the basis of existing circumstances in history. _ [http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=futurology The term literally means the "_ study of the future''". 1 The term was coined by German professor Ossip K. Flechtheim http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ossip_K._Flechtheim Ossip K. Flechtheim in the mid-1940's, who proposed it as a new branch of knowledge that would include a new science of probability. Learn more about futurology...

history of early ottoman bulgaria - After falling almost entirely under Ottoman rule in the end of the 14th century, the Bulgarian state ceased to exist as an independent entity and remained part of the Ottoman Empire for nearly five centuries until 1878. The period is widely regarded as a time of cultural and national decline as contrasted to the best years of the medieval Bulgarian Empire, mainly owing to the foreign character of the dominant empire, as well as its stagnation and decline in the later years. Learn more about history of early ottoman bulgaria...

history of communist bulgaria - The History of Communist Bulgaria encompasses the period of Bulgarian history between 1944 and 1989. During this time, the country was known as the People's Republic of Bulgaria ( PRB ) (Bulgarian: Народна република България ) and was under the administration of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP). BCP transformed itself in 1990, changing its name to Bulgarian Socialist Party, and is currently part of the governing coalition government. Bulgaria was an Eastern Bloc Soviet satellite state during the Cold War, a member of the Warsaw Pact and the Comecon. Learn more about history of communist bulgaria...

history of russia - {{articleissues

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The history of Russia begins with that of the East Slavs, the ethnic group that eventually split into the Russians, Ukrainians, and Belarusians. The first East Slavic state, Kievan Rus', adopted Christianity from the Byzantine Empire in 988, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium.Kievan Rus' and Mongol Periods, excerpted from Glenn E. Curtis (ed.), Russia: A Country Study , Department of the Army, 1998. ISBN 0160612128. Kievan Rus' ultimately disintegrated as a state, leaving a number of states competing for claims to be the heirs to its civilization and dominant position. Learn more about history of russia...

history of bulgaria since 1989 - By the time the impact of Mikhail Gorbachev's reform program in the Soviet Union was felt in Bulgaria in the late 1980s, the Communists, like their leader, had grown too feeble to resist the demand for change for long. In November 1989 demonstrations on ecological issues were staged in Sofia, and these soon broadened into a general campaign for political reform. The Communists reacted by deposing the decrepit Todor Zhivkov and replacing him with Petar Mladenov, but this gained them only a short respite. In February 1990 the Party voluntarily gave up its claim on power and in June 1990 the first free elections since 1931 were held, won by the moderate wing of the Communist Party, renamed Bulgarian Socialist Party. In July 1991 a new Constitution was adopted, in which there was a weak elected President and a Prime Minister accountable to the legislature. Learn more about history of bulgaria since 1989...

historical drama film - The historical drama is a film genre in which stories are based upon historical events and famous persons. Some historical dramas attempt to accurately portray a historical event or biography, to the degree that the available historical research will allow. Other historical dramas are fictionalized tales that are based on an actual person and their deeds, such as Braveheart , which is loosely based on the 13th century knight William Wallace's fight for Scotland's independence, and Saving Private Ryan , a heavily fictionalised version of a search for a paratrooper of the US 101st Airborne Division during WW II. Learn more about historical drama film...

prehistoric britain - Prehistoric Britain was a period in the human occupation of Great Britain that extended throughout prehistory, ending with the Roman invasion of Britain in AD 43. Learn more about prehistoric britain...

old great bulgaria - Old Great Bulgaria or Great Bulgaria (Παλαιά Μεγάλη Βουλγαρία in Byzantine chronicles; alternative name: Onoguria / Onoghuria ) was a Bulgar state founded by Kubrat, which existed in the 7th century north of the Caucasus mountains in the steppe between the Dniester and Lower Volga 1 . Learn more about old great bulgaria...

thracians - : "Thracians" may refer to any modern inhabitants of the geographic region of Thrace, regardless of ethnicity; see Thrace.

Picture of Thracian peltast, fifth to fourth century BC.

(Picture) Thracian Roman era "heros" (Sabazius) stele. The rider god was holding a lance and rides towards an altar with a snake wound around a tree. The flowing mantle is a permanent attribute of the Thracian rider god over several centuries. Learn more about thracians...

thrace -
(Picture) Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak
Thrace (, , Attic Greek: , Thrāíkē or , Thrēíkē , , ) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe. Today the name Thrace designates a region spread over southern Bulgaria (Northern Thrace), northeastern Greece (Western Thrace), and European Turkey (Eastern Thrace). Thrace borders on three seas: the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara. In Turkey, it is also called Rumeli. Learn more about thrace...

history of bulgaria - The history of Bulgaria as a separate country began in the 7th century with the arrival of the Bulgars and the foundation of the First Bulgarian Empire together with the local seven Slavic tribes, a union recognized by Byzantium in 681. A country in the middle of the ethnically, culturally and linguistically diverse Balkan Peninsula, Bulgaria has seen many twists and turns in its long history and has been a prospering empire stretching to a coastline on the Black, Aegean and Adriatic Seas and a cultural centre of Slavic Europe, but also a land long dominated by a foreign state, once by the Byzantine Empire and once by the Ottoman Empire. Learn more about history of bulgaria...

second bulgarian empire - The Second Bulgarian Empire was a medieval Bulgarian state which existed between 1185 and 1396 (or 1422). tjupavl . The most significant meaning was that he was Emperor of the whole Bulgarian people, even to those beyond the borders of the Empire. The legislative and executive powers were concentrated in his hands. If the heir of the ruler was under age, the regency was headed by the mother-Empress. Learn more about second bulgarian empire...

history - ]] (UTC). For the science of locating events in time, by methods not necessarily related to human records, see chronology. For other uses, see History (disambiguation).}}

(Picture) The title page to The Historians' History of the World .

History is the study of the past, focused on human activity and leading up to the present day. "Whitney" All that is remembered of the past and preserved in some form is seen as the historical record. "wordnet" Some historians study universal history, comprising all that has been recorded of the human past and all that can be deduced from artifacts. Others focus on certain methods, such as chronology, demographics, historiography, genealogy, paleography, and cliometrics, or areas, for example History of Brazil (1889–1930), History of China, or History of Science. Learn more about history...

list of history topics - The list of basic history topics includes various historical topics and other collected sets of information about the past. When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study and interpretation of the record of humans, families, and societies as preserved primarily through written sources. Basic topics in history include: Learn more about list of history topics...

maritime history -
Picture of The Clipper Ship "Flying Cloud" off the Needles, Isle of Wight, off the southern English coast. Painting by James E. Buttersworth
Maritime history is a broad thematic element of global history. As an academic subject, it crosses the boundaries of standard disciplines, focusing on understanding mankind's various relationships to the oceans, seas, and major waterways of the globe. Nautical history records and interprets past events involving ships, shipping, navigation, and seamen. Learn more about maritime history...

political history - Political history is the narrative and analysis of political events, ideas, movements, and leaders. 1 It is usually structured around the nation state. It is distinct from, but related to, other fields of history such as social history, economic history, and military history. Learn more about political history...

military history - Military history is composed of the events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of conflict. This may range from a melee between two tribes to conflicts between proper militaries to a world war affecting the majority of the human population. Military historians record (in writing or otherwise) the events of military history. Learn more about military history...

cultural history - Cultural history (from the German term Kulturgeschichte ), at least in its common definition since the 1970s, often combines the approaches of anthropology and history to look at popular cultural traditions and cultural interpretations of historical experience. Cultural history involves the records and narrative descriptions of past knowledge, customs, and arts of a group of people. Cultural history encompasses the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future pertaining to a culture. Learn more about cultural history...

economic history - Economic history is the study of how economic phenomena evolved in the past. Analysis in economic history is undertaken using historical methods and statistical methods, sometimes to test economic theories. The topic includes business history and overlaps with areas of social history such as demographic history and labor history. Quantitative economic history is also referred to as Cliometrics. Learn more about economic history...

You'll find that our history11.com sections are history, United States History. We also recently added sections on military history, Economic History, Cultural History, Futurology, History Painter, Intellectual History, Maritime History, Naval History, Paleography, People's History, Political History, Psychohistory, Historiography of science, World History, Social History, and Natural History.

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